Category Archives: ornithopod

Parasaurolophus (Baby)(Wild Safari by Safari Ltd.)

Review and photos by Quentin Brendel, edited by Suspsy

With its long, tubular crest protruding from the back of its skull, Parasaurolophus is one of the most easily-recognized hadrosaurids. The model to be reviewed today does not have much of one, being a juvenile animal. Safari Ltd’s rendition, while not perfect, is still a nice toy for collectors and children alike. This figure is stamped 1997, coming out a year after the original Wild Safari adult Parasaurolophus.

The dinosaur is posed so that it looks like it is calling out, with its head up and mouth open, perhaps to the adult. The primary colour on this figure is a brownish orange, which, unlike in the adult, is solid and does not fade to a darker shade. The underside is painted beige with hard edges. There is an intermediate colour between it and the orange which has feathered edges, though it lacks the intermediate colour on the right side of the torso. The most striking part of this colour scheme are the green dorsal markings. The back is painted a dark green with lighter green patches on top of it. These markings are also on the top of the crest as well as on the dinosaur’s face. On the sides are smaller green spots which resemble the rosettes of a jaguar. On mine, these are asymmetrical with more spots on the right side. The nails are painted a navy blue and the inside of the mouth is pink. The eyes have black pupils on yellow and a white spot to simulate a reflective surface.

The neck is very thin and goose-like. Recent reconstructions depict Parasaurolophus holding its neck forward and being better-muscled, similar to a horse. The hands each have five fingers (one too many), however, only the outermost digit should have a claw. The others were bound together in a hoof-like structure with the metacarpals being longer. It is not to scale with the adult and should be smaller.

Hadrosaurs are known not only from skeletal remains, but many skin impressions as well. This makes it much easier (or harder, depending on how you look at it) to make an accurate model. The skin of the baby Parasaurolophus has large, wrinkly striations going down its neck, trunk, and tail. They are on the legs more subtly. The skin would have been scaly but the tiny scales of a hadrosaur would not be too visible at this scale anyways. Lambeosaurines also had a series of larger scales on the ventral side of the base of the tail, but even these would probably be too small to sculpt. There should be a bumpy ridge running down the length of the back as well. The most conspicuous inaccuracy of this figure is in the skull. A newly-described specimen of a baby Parasaurolophus is known to have had a crest not unlike that of a Hypacrosaurus which would have later grown into the characteristic crest of the adult parasaurolophus. Safari’s Hypacrosaurus Baby, while not perfect, would actually work better as a baby Parasaurolophus than this one.

The Wild Safari Parasaurolophus baby, despite its inaccuracies, is still a classic figure to those who (like me) grew up with the old Wild Safari line. It does go well with the adult as well as the other baby dinosaurs from the earlier years of WS. It sometimes makes its way onto eBay, but can also occasionally be found in stores with old stock and is more common (from my experience) than the adult. I happened to find three of mine at an old toy store for the great sum of seventy-five cents. Despite Parasaurolophus‘ popularity, there are not as many good figures of it as one might expect, almost none which are completely up-to-date, and very few baby dinosaurs in general.

Shantungosaurus (Age of the Dinosaurs by PNSO)

Review and photographs by Fembrogon, edited by Suspsy

Hello, all, this is Fembrogon with my first review for the DinoToyBlog. My featured creature for this review is the gargantuan hadrosaur Shantungosaurus–a genus which I believe could achieve minor stardom in the mainstream with the right push. Shantungosaurus obviously wasn’t a carnivore, and didn’t have fancy ornamentation like some of its relatives, but with size estimates reaching up to 50 feet long and 13 tons heavy, Shantungosaurus holds the record for largest known non-sauropod land animal in history. That’s not bad for a duckbill!

Of course, with size being Shantungosaurus‘s potential claim to fame, the best way to market it would be to bank on BIG merchandise. The Chinese company PNSO finally took a stab at this dino, as well as several others (some of which have already been reviewed here on the blog), as part of a large hollow plastic toy line. How well does Shantungosaurus hold up?

Unfortunately, not so well in the case of my particular figure. The feet are so unevenly balanced that the big hadrosaur is prone to falling like dying prey. Hot water treatments to the legs have only offered temporary respites. Hopefully, this issue is unique to mine (I don’t even know if it’s actually a sculpting or shipping issue), but it’s the biggest criticism I have to lay on the figure, so let that issue . . um . . . Stand at the front.

The above problem notwithstanding, the PNSO Shantungosaurus has an impressive shelf presence, standing 6.5″ tall at the hip and 13″ long, 17″ counting the curves in the neck and tail. This puts the figure at roughly 1:35 scale. I’m no expert on hadrosaur anatomy, but looking at skeletal photographs and illustrations, PNSO seems to have nailed the overall proportions and features of the genus. I particularly like the thick, rectangular lower jaw replicated on the figure, which distinguishes it more from other, more “plain”-looking hadrosaurs (if the honking great size wasn’t enough for you). I don’t know if Shantungosaurus could bend the end of its tail as well as it is on this figure (hadrosaurs are thought to have very stiff, reinforced tailbones), but it certainly adds to a dynamic pose not often seen in herbivorous dinosaurs.

Finer details are very good for what is ostensibly a child’s toy. There’s little or no shrink-wrapping I can make out, besides a rather bony face. The body is covered with fine scaly detail, pronounced by dark paint highlights. The paint job is very earthy and natural in appearance, with light and dark brown washes and a nice, subtle striping on the tail. There are some odd rusty red highlights on the face, but they aren’t too distracting. My figure does have a few tiny scuffs on the toes and spine, however, so I would recommend treating this figure gently. There is also a noticeable paint blotch on the left back leg of mine; hopefully that is another flaw unique to my own.

PNSO appears to be off to a strong start with their dinosaur figures. While I can’t praise this particular one as much as I’d like, what with the various issues mine has (getting it to stand risks becoming a hassle), the PNSO Shantungosaurus is nonetheless a very nice representation of a genus rarely seen in toy form. If you’d like to obtain one for yourself, DeJankins still has this figure and others in the line for reasonable prices as of this writing.

Saurolophus (Favorite Co. Ltd.)

Part 2 of the Nemegt Fauna Series. Review and photos by Bokisaurus, edited by Suspsy

Back in 2012, the Osaka Museum Of Natural History launched an impressive special exhibit highlighting the impressive diversity of dinosaur fossils found in Mongolia’s Gobi Desert. This special exhibit was aptly named “The Gobi: Cradle of the Most Enchanting Dinosaur Fossils” and consisted of beautiful specimens of some of the most famous Mongolian dinosaurs for the public to admire. Like many special dinosaur exhibits in Japan, and there have been many of them through the years, there were museum merchandise exclusives. Of what must have been countless merchandise items, two stood out. These are the museum exclusive figures of Tarbosaurus and Saurolophus, two of the show’s star. These figures are sculpted by the famous Hirokazu Tokugawa and released by Favorite Co. Ltd.

These beautifully sculpted figures drove many dinosaur collectors crazy trying to acquire them. Like many museum exclusives, they were not widely available outside of the OMNH, let alone overseas. This made the hunt to acquire them difficult and often costly. Still, with some help, a few of these figures did find its way across the globe, including my own doorstep. Today, we will review one of them, the Saurolophus.

Saurolophus was a large saurolophine hadrosaurid that lived in the Late Cretaceous of what would one day be the Nemegt Formation of the Gobi Desert. It is unique in that it is one of the few hadrosaurs known from multiple continents. Two species are known to have existed. The first one discovered was the Canadian S. osborni, discovered back in 1911. The second species, S. angustirostris (which is the figure we are reviewing today), was discovered in Mongolia in 1946, and it was was much larger than its relative. It also turns out that Saurolophus is the most abundant of the Asian hadrosaurs. Its fossil record is also well documented with nearly complete skeletons, as well as various growth stages that give us a pretty good picture of its anatomy and how it may have lived.

The Asian Saurolophus was much larger than its North American relative, reaching an estimated size of around 12 metres (39 feet) long, and a weight of 2 tons. At around 1:40 scale, this Favorite figure stands 3.5 inches tall and 10 inches long. Unlike its flamboyant lambeosaurine relatives, Saurolophus’ headgear was rather modest. A bony, spike-like crest extended upwards from the back of the skull. In this figure, this crest is coloured a reddish brown. At first glance, the animal looks like it is sculpted in a calm, neutral pose with a quadruped stance. However, and depending on how you view the figure, this pose can be interpreted many ways. For example, with its head tilted slightly to the side, and its left front foot off the ground, this can be perceived as a surprised individual, especially when you notice the orientation of the eyes.

The colour scheme on this figure is dominated by olive green mixed in with some browns on the lower half, while a darker green band runs along the upper back half of the figure. There are also faint brown stripes running down the back. This may look drab, but it suits an animal that is mostly a savanna dweller. The drab colours help the animal blend in with the brown, dry vegetation that dominated the Cretaceous savanna.

Let us again return to Mongolia’s Gobi Desert during the Late Cretaceous. A large herd of Saurolophus can be seen mixed in with an even larger herd of Gallimimus. These animals are on their annual migration and the lush woodland savanna is one of their favourite feeding ground. The Saurolophus herd breaks into smaller groups as they fan out in search of food and water. One mixed group of adult and young Saurolophus approaches one of the shallow lakes that border the forest. They have come here to take advantage of the vegetation that grows abundantly in this environment, for Saurolophus are open savanna animals. This open environment gives the animals a better view of their surroundings, and much importantly, a better opportunity to spot predators before they get too close. The open space also allows these large animals a quick escape.

Entering the forest edge is dangerous for Saurolophus. Here the lush vegetation creates many blind spots that potentially hide predators and offer little escape routes. Still, the group approaches, the temptation is just too great to resist. One Saurolophus, a curious young female, decides to move closer into the forest. She ignores the adults’ warning cries to stay with rest of the group. Soon, she meets some of the forest’s more fascinating residents. Eyeing her with curiosity is a pair of Deinocheirus, those giant ornithomimosaurs with huge claws. They move closer and inspect this odd creature that has invaded their home. But they are not a threat to the young female, and she knows it, and they all soon settle into feeding.

Back at the forest’s edge, the peaceful scene is about to end. The wind carries the unmistakable scent of a predator. And not just any predator; this scent belongs to Tarbosaurus, the apex predator of the land! Soon, the Saurolophus herd sets off cries of alarm that echo around the forest. They regroup and run off back towards the open safety of the grassland as the Tarbosaurus charges. But he is not after the fleeing herd.

By the time our young female realizes her dire situation, it is too late. Her escape route blocked by the charging Tarbosaurus and her herd nowhere in sight, she looks towards the forest’s edge at the fleeing pair of Deinocheirus. Desperate to escape, she decides to follow the pair deeper into the forest.

Before going very far, she is stopped on her tracks by a loud warning cry coming somewhere deep in the thickets. Soon, the source reveals itself to be a large male Therizinosaurus. Although not a predator, he is equipped with formidable claws, very much like Deinocheirus’, but even bigger. He is not after the young female Saurolophus, for he is a herbivore. However, the scent of the pursuing Tarbosaurus has sent this grumpy male into a blind rage. Unlike the more docile Deinocheirus, whose first instinct is to run from danger, Therizinosaurus charges any potential threat. With his large, deadly claws swinging in multiple directions, a hit from one of them could be fatal. He heads straight to where our female Saurolophus is standing. Trapped now between him and the charging Tarbosaurus, she quickly turns around and heads back towards the only opening between the two.

The sudden appearance of Therizinosaurus distracts Tarbosaurus from his chase, allowing the young Saurolophus enough time to slip between them and runs toward the safety of the open savanna and hopefully, her herd. She runs fast without looking back. Her only clue to what is unfolding behind her are the loud growls and shrieks echoing around the lake.

As she reaches the savanna, she finds herself in the middle of a stampeding herd of Gallimimus. The dust clouds from the stampeding herd cause her to become temporarily disoriented. The the dust clears, she finds herself face to face with Alioramus, Tarbosaurus’ smaller relative. She has stumbled upon a hunt.

Although a formidable hunter, Alioramus is much smaller than Saurolophus. His main prey are the overaptorids and Gallimimus. Saurolophus can sometimes fall prey to Alioramus, but only the very small ones. Now almost an adult size, our female is simply too big for the predator to take down. The Alioramus simply turns away and leave the young female behind.

Our young Saurolophus scans the horizon for any sign of her herd. In the distance, she sees the familiar shapes rising like mirages. She has found her family at last. As she approaches, the adults start to call. Their loud honking sounds are welcoming and comforting to our young female. Once back in the safety of the herd, she finally looks back toward the distant lake and forest. Perhaps she does so to remember this place, and to remember both the opportunities it offered as well as the dangers hidden in its dark shadows. She will forever remember this experience, one that taught her a valuable life experience. A lesson on how to survive in this enchanting, but deceiving landscape. In time, she will pass on this knowledge to other young ones. And just like that, she turns back and rejoins her herd.

In closing, the Favorite Saurolophus figure is a must-have, especially with the shortage of good hadrosaur figures, not to mention saurolophines. The figure is very well-crafted and jam-packed with details. At 1:40 scale, it is one of the few hadrosaur figures at this size. As it was sculpted specifically as a partner for the Tarbosaurus, they do make for a beautiful display. Unfortunately, due to its very limited release, this and the Tarbosaurus are very hard figures to acquire, and often command high prices. Still, with some luck, patience, and good connections, one may be able find it at a reasonable price. I highly recommend this figure to anyone. It is truly a beautiful piece from a master artist. The figures come in blister packaging. The art design on the background shows two photos. One is a painting of a herd of Saurolophus by a shallow lake. The other half is a photo of a group of paleontologists today at a dig site.

I hope you enjoyed the review. On our next review, we will conclude the series, when we meet up with Tarbosaurus again. Until then, cheers!