This review is dated 2009 but that’s not really true at all. Sure, I clicked the publish button back in 2009, but the only content was some photographs and a promise to update the review properly later. A decade passed… no review. Still, the years continued to roll by… no review. And finally, here we are living in the distant future of 2023, and here’s that review I promised. Surprise!
The pose and proportions of this plesiosaur figure suggest it was based on a painting of the plesiosaur Macroplata by the paleoartist Neave Parker (1910–1961). Parker was active during the 1950s and produced many paintings of prehistoric creatures in collaboration with the then British Museum (Natural History) in London. His artworks were featured in newspapers, books and postcards, so Macroplata may seem like a rather obscure genus to receive the spotlight. However, the animal was described and named by William Swinton, the palaeontologist who commissioned and guided Parker, so there’s an obvious connection.
This toy continues to confuse collectors because there are multiple versions of it and its origin is shrouded in mystery. The photographs in this review include a green version marked ‘Dinocrats’. The consensus is this is the original version, but there are other versions marked ‘Toyway’, such as the blue version also photographed here. Toyway, established in 1982 under the name Martplay, and later Marmet, is the company that produced the Dinocrats line. The plesiosaur is also frequently discussed with reference to the company Inpro because of the similarity in scale, style, and provenance (i.e. the United Kingdom in the 1970s or 80s), but also because Toyway acquired Inpro moulds at some point and redistributed them as Dinocrats. However, no versions of the plesiosaur figure are known with “Inpro” markings, so it seems to be a later release produced by Toyway some time after the Inpro moulds had passed to them.
The ‘Dinocrats’ version is made of a slightly harder plastic than the softer ‘Toyway’ version, but the sculpts are otherwise identical. There are also several colour variants. For example, the ‘Dinocrats’ version seems to have been produced only in green, while the ‘Toyway’ version exists in green and blue variants. There are also differences between the markings on ‘Toyway’ versions, with some marked “China” and others marked “Hong Kong”. The ‘Dinocrats’ version has no country mark. The eyes in all of the variants are crudely picked out with a dollop of white paint and a black pupil.
Macroplata was a rhomaleosaurid, a group of plesiosaurs with large heads and moderately long necks. The intermediate length of the neck in this toy is probably the only obvious characteristic that differentiates it from other more well-known plesiosaurs, the longer-necked Plesiosaurus and Elasmosaurus, and the much shorter-necked pliosaurs. Despite being able to pin down this figure to the genus Macroplata, the ‘Dinocrats’ version was marketed more generically as “plesiosaur”, while the ‘Toyway’ versions are stamped “Plesiosaurus”. So, I’m calling this figure Plesiosaurus in the review title.
Broadly speaking the toy is rather accurate for a dated plesiosaur figure, especially for the time it was produced, around the 1970s or 80s. Back then, plesiosaurs were usually depicted with arched swan-like necks and deeply rounded backs, but the Dinocrats/Toyway plesiosaur has a much more modern appearance, with a relatively flattened back and its neck held out horizontally. The eyes are also in the correct position, about halfway along the skull. In other less accurate plesiosaur toys the eyes are positioned too far back. These accuracies in the Dinocrats model can almost certainly be credited to the cutting-edge (for the time) paleoart it was based on. The sinuous tail is unusually long but, again, so is the tail in Parker’s artwork. Still, I regard this as an inaccuracy.
Overall, this is an interesting toy with a curious history which is still being unravelled. Indeed, if any readers know of other variants of this figure please share your knowledge in the comments.